The Maya Were Tracking The Planets Long Before Copernicus – Hutton Pulitzer #GoXplrr

An ancient Mayan text captured the moment when a royal astronomer made a scientific discovery about the movement of Venus across the night sky.The text, called the Dresden Codex, contains laborious measurements of the rising and setting of Venus. Based on these recordings, historians can now place this astronomer within a 25-year span within the first half of the 10th century.

“We can see the moment when this person puts it all together,” said Gerardo Aldana, a science historian in the Department of Chicano Studies at the University of California, Santa Barbara and a co-author of a new study describing the findings

Source: The Maya were tracking the planets long before Copernicus | Fox News

Most Significant Symbol Discoveries Made. Female Goddess Uni – Hutton Pulitzer #GoXplrr

The discovery indicates that Uni — a divinity of fertility and possibly a mother goddess at this particular place — may have been the titular deity worshipped at the sanctuary of Poggio Colla, a key settlement in Italy for the ancient Etruscan civilization.

The mention is part of a sacred text that is possibly the longest such Etruscan inscription ever discovered on stone, said archaeologist Gregory Warden, professor emeritus at Southern Methodist University, Dallas, main sponsor of the archaeological dig.

Scientists on the research discovered the ancient stone embedded as part of a temple wall at Poggio Colla, a dig where many other Etruscan objects have been found, including a ceramic fragment with the earliest birth scene in European art. That object reinforces the interpretation of a fertility cult at Poggio Colla, Warden said.

Now Etruscan language experts are studying the 500-pound slab — called a stele (STEE-lee) — to translate the text. It’s very rare to identify the god or goddess worshipped at an Etruscan sanctuary.

“The location of its discovery — a place where prestigious offerings were made — and the possible presence in the inscription of the name of Uni, as well as the care of the drafting of the text, which brings to mind the work of a stone carver who faithfully followed a model transmitted by a careful and educated scribe, suggest that the document had a dedicatory character,” said Adriano Maggiani, formerly Professor at the University of Venice and one of the scholars working to decipher the inscription.

Source: One of the most significant Etruscan discoveries in decades names female goddess Uni – HeritageDaily – Heritage & Archaeology News

500 Years Ago, This Battle Changed the Middle East Forever – Hutton Pulitzer #GoXplrr

Five centuries ago, the contours of the modern Middle East were shaped through a series of Ottoman battles. The outcomes of these battles—which shaped the region’s politics, demographics and religious movements—were much more important in the long run than modern phenomena such as the Sykes-Picot Pact. This month marks the five hundredth anniversary of one of the most important of these battles, the Battle of Marj Dabiq, between the Ottoman Empire and the Mamluk Sultanate of Egypt, the Levant and the Hejaz.

Marj Dabiq means the “meadow of Dabiq,” and was fought next to the town in modern Syria where Islamic State believes Armageddon will occur, on the basis of a hadith (a saying attributed to Muhammad). Northwestern Syria is littered with countless battle sites, ancient and modern, as it is situated on the most traversable land route between Turkey and Europe, on the one hand, and the Levant, Egypt and Mesopotamia, on the other hand.

Source: Exactly 500 Years Ago, This Battle Changed the Middle East Forever | The National Interest

Mysterious Stone Structure Found Underneath Garbage Pile (video) Hutton Pulitzer #GoXplrr

Archaeologists working in the Orkney Islands of Scotland have discovered large stone slabs belonging to a mysterious, ancient structure. But perhaps even more puzzling than the stones is the fact that they were found underneath Scotland’s “largest Neolithic rubbish dump,” BBC reports.The structure is approximately 33 feet wide, and is made up of pieces of stone 13 feet in length; the complex could date back as far as 5,000 years.

A human arm bone found nearby might have belonged to the founder of the structure.”The sheer size and scale of the stones unearthed are unprecedented on this site,” site director Nick Card told the BBC. “The way the stones are built into the construction is also unique to the Ness [of Brodgar dig site]. This all suggests that they may have been re-used and taken from elsewhere. Perhaps they may be part of a stone circle that pre-dates the main Ness site. It is all a bit of mystery and we won’t know more until we do more work.”The University of the Highlands and Islands Archaeology Institute agreed that “hard work” would be required in order to fully understand the site. Jeva Lange

Source: Archaeologists discover mysterious stone structure underneath Neolithic garbage pile

Weekend History Hunter’s Private Scores Big With Bronze Age Treasures – Hutton Pulitzer #GoXplrr

A man who spent many years collecting metal artifacts from the ocean near the power plant where he worked in Israel secretly amassed a huge collection of valuable and ancient treasures.Archaeologists were recently given the trove of artifacts after the man, who had worked for years at the Orot Rabin Power Station in Hadera, on the coast of Israel, passed away and his family began sorting through his belongings.

They found a remarkable collection of valuable and ancient items.”The finds include a toggle pin and the head of a knife from the Middle Bronze Age,” which are more than 3,500 years old, Ayala Lester, a curator with the Israel Antiquities Authority, said in a statement.

Source: Power Station Worker’s Private Collection Yields Bronze Age Treasures

Astronomy Shown To Be Set In Standing Stone – Hutton Pulitzer #GoXplrr

of Adelaide research has for the first time statistically proven that the earliest standing stone monuments of Britain, the great circles, were constructed specifically in line with the movements of the Sun and Moon, 5000 years ago.The research, published in the Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, details the use of innovative 2D and 3D technology to construct quantitative tests of the patterns of alignment of the standing stones.

“Nobody before this has ever statistically determined that a single stone circle was constructed with astronomical phenomena in mind – it was all supposition,” says project leader and University of Adelaide Visiting Research Fellow Dr Gail Higginbottom, who is also a Visiting Research Fellow at the Australian National University.

 

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Source: Astronomy shown to be set in standing stone | EurekAlert! Science News