5,000-Year-Old Rock Symbols A Mystery – Hutton Pulitzer #GoXplrr

Archaeologists in Glasgow, Scotland, briefly excavated and then reburied a 5,000-year-old slab of stone that contains incised swirling geometric decorations.The Cochno Stone, which measures 43 feet by 26 feet, contains swirling decorations, also called “cup and ring marks.” The stone and its decorations have been known to people in the area since at least the 19th century. Decorations similar to these swirls have been found at other prehistoric sites around the world; however, the examples incised in the Cochno Stone are considered to comprise “one of the best examples” of such art in Europe, according to a statement by the University of Glasgow, which led the new study.

The stone slab was fully unearthed in West Dunbartonshire by Rev. James Harvey in 1887. By 1965, the stone had been vandalized with graffiti and damaged by the elements, so a team of archaeologists buried it beneath the dirt in order to protect the artwork . This summer’s two-week re-excavation allowed archaeologists to use modern-day surveying and photography techniques to better record the artwork.

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Source: 5,000-year-old swirling rock art in Scotland remains a mystery | Fox News

Slavery In Ancient Greece – Hutton Pulitzer #GoXplrr

How was it possible that slavery was so central in a society where individual freedom was so highly valued? This is one of the many paradoxes of ancient Greece . . . or maybe it’s not a paradox but a reflection of the fact that we can only value things based on contrast.

Perhaps it was because of the fundamental role of slavery that ancient Greeks came to value individual freedom so much. This list presents 10 interesting facts linked to slavery in ancient Greece.

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Source: 10 Fascinating Facts About Slavery In Ancient Greece – Listverse

Giant Dinosaur Footprint Discovered – Hutton Pulitzer #GoXplrr

One of the biggest dinosaur footprints ever recorded has been unearthed in the Gobi Desert, researchers said Friday, offering a fresh clue about the giant creatures that roamed the earth millions of years ago.

A joint Mongolian-Japanese expedition found the giant print, which measures 106 centimetres (42 inches) long and 77 centimetres wide.

One of several footprints discovered in the vast Mongolian desert, the huge fossil was discovered last month in a geologic layer formed between 70 million and 90 million years ago, researchers said.

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Source: Giant dinosaur footprint discovered in Mongolia desert

Ancient Gate-Shrine Discovered Supports Biblical Story of Temple Desecration – Hutton Pulitzer #GoXplrr (VIDEO)

Archaeologists have discovered a rare gate-shrine from the 8th century BCE at the Tel Lachish National Park in Israel. Signs of desecration have been identified at the site – evidence that gives creedence to Biblical accounts of strict religious reforms taking place at the time, according to researchers.

The team, from the Israel Antiquities Authority, made this very unusual find while conducting excavation works between January and March which aimed to further develop the Tel Lachish site and learn more.

The northern part of the ancient Lachish city gate had first been unearthed decades ago by a joint British and Israeli expedition, and one of the focus of these new excavations was to pursue this work.

The archaeologists succeeded in completely exposing the gate – which formed a square of 24.5 by 24.5m and reached a preserved height of 4 m. This makes it the largest one known in the country from the First Temple period.

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Source: Ancient gate-shrine at Tel Lachish National Park supports Biblical story of temple desecration

Militant Ahmad al-Faqi al-Mahdi gets 9 years for war crimes – Hutton Pulitzer #GoXplrr 

The International Criminal Court on Tuesday sentenced Islamic militant Ahmad al-Faqi al-Mahdi to nine years of imprisonment for destroying ancient shrines in Mali.

Mahdi, believed to be a member of al Qaeda affiliateAnsar Dine in Mali, pleaded guilty to war crimes for destroying religious and historic monuments in the ancient city of Timbuktu.
The trial was a landmark one at The Hague, marking the first time the International Criminal Court tried cultural destruction as a war crime.
The court found Mahdi supervised the destruction of 10 of the most important historical sites at the UNESCO World Heritage site and participated in attacks on at least five.

Source: Timbuktu destruction: Militant Ahmad al-Faqi al-Mahdi gets 9 years for war crimes – CNN.com

Found Ancient Synagogue Predating Second Temple Ruin – Hutton Pulitzer #GoXplrr

Ancient frescoes also found in two discoveries that undermine claims of devastation following Jews’ Great Revolt against Romans.

Two archaeological discoveries made in the Galilee over the summer tell a story that differs from the standard description of the devastation in the country following the Great Revolt of the Jews against the Romans.

Excavations by the Hebrew University of Jerusalem at Zippori have revealed frescoes with human and animal images from about 1,800 years ago – a rare find for that time in the land of Israel.

And in Nahal Tabor in the Eastern Galilee an archaeological expedition from Kinneret College has uncovered a Second Temple-era synagogue predating the destruction of the Temple – the first to be discovered in a rural rather than an urban setting.

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Source: Archaeologists in Israel Find Ancient Synagogue Predating Second Temple Ruin – Archaeology – Haaretz – Israel News Haaretz.com